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Contactless Digital Tachometer using PIC Microcontroller

Hey friends, I should have posted this project last month itself but there was some problem with the circuit. [link], author of this project did an exellent job. I have been watching him learning on this website. He came as a total noob but now he is well versed with 8051 and PIC microcontroller. earlier he has submitted Microcontroller Based Home Security System



This project is about A Contactless Digital Tachometer. As per defination from wikipedia

A tachometer (revolution-counter, Tach, rev-counter, RPM gauge) is an instrument measuring the rotation speed of a shaft or disk, as in a motor or other machine. The device usually displays the revolutions per minute (RPM) on a calibrated analogue dial, but digital displays are increasingly common. The word comes from Greek Ταχος, tachos, "speed", and metron, "to measure".

wikipedia



Following diagram explains the logic of this project.



The infra red reflective object sensor work by simply emitting the infra red beam and when it encounter the white object surface than the infra red beam will be reflected back to the phototransistor; next the phototransistor and the 2N3904 transistor which formed the Darlington pair will start to conduct and will generate enough voltage across the 470 Ohm resistor to be considered by the PIC16f690 microcontroller build in Capture Compare Pulse width modulation(CCP )module input port as the logical "1". When the infra red beam encounters the black tire surface than both of the phototransistor and 2N3904 transistor will turn off; and the voltage across 470 Ohm resistor will drop to 3.5 volt (logical "0").

Therefore by timing the generated pulse period by the infra red reflective object sensor we could easily calculate the RPM using this following formula:

Frequency = 1/T Hz; T is the generated pulse period in second.

RPM (Rotation per Minute) = Frequency x 60

Here is a sample video of working project:



Thank you Romel for this contribution. If anyone has doubts regarding this project, please use forum.
Tags digital tachometertachometer pic microcontrollerpic project digital tachometercontactless digital tachometer
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rawat742
Fri Aug 18 2017, 11:37 AM
hi @ angel patel i will attach a file i hope it will be helpfull for you
ExperimenterUK
Mon Aug 14 2017, 09:57 PM
@ angel patel... just log in and post your problem
Mon Aug 14 2017, 01:45 PM
angel patel
hey any one help to make the led scrolling display
desuza6
Sat Jul 29 2017, 07:09 AM
I see the code for step motor h l 298 to rotate 45 degree, but all delay time, if I want to input sensor to h the pulses to stepmotor
rammichael
Thu Jul 27 2017, 12:05 PM
okay fine
ExperimenterUK
Wed Jul 26 2017, 07:51 PM
Please post questions in the forum, the chat box is for chat
msd007
Wed Jul 26 2017, 11:27 AM
i need code if any one have aduc706 interfacing lcd 16*2
msd007
Wed Jul 26 2017, 11:26 AM
pl help me how to write code of interfacing ADuc7026 controlleo lcd pl any one help me hoe to initializend configure the direction
rammichael
Wed Jul 26 2017, 06:04 AM
can you explain what is timer and how to use their modes ...
rammichael
Wed Jul 26 2017, 06:03 AM
ExperimenterUk thank you for your quick reply okay

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Pirateak
Thu Aug 17 2017, 02:02 PM
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rawat742 Avatar
Posted By rawat742
Fri Aug 18 2017, 02:58 PM
Dear Sir, I have a another program in which I am a...
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Posted By rawat742
Fri Aug 18 2017, 11:45 AM
LCD SCROLLING MESSAGE PROGRAM CODE AND SIMULATION...
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Dear Sir , I am not able to increased value by pre...
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Dear Sir, as per your attachment I w...
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Thu Aug 17 2017, 10:54 PM
Try this. Attachment ...
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Dear Sir , Please help me for stor...
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Hi.. Iam refreshing c language using this useful r...
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Posted By ExperimenterUK
Mon Aug 14 2017, 10:19 PM
The original 8051 is a primitive device.Over the ...
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Posted By rawat742
Mon Aug 14 2017, 06:52 AM
Dear sir, First of all i want to thanks to you fo...
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Posted By ExperimenterUK
Sun Aug 13 2017, 11:25 PM
Reading page 11 of the data sheet, it is not clear...