Contactless Digital Tachometer using PIC Microcontroller

Hey friends, I should have posted this project last month itself but there was some problem with the circuit. [link], author of this project did an exellent job. I have been watching him learning on this website. He came as a total noob but now he is well versed with 8051 and PIC microcontroller. earlier he has submitted Microcontroller Based Home Security System



This project is about A Contactless Digital Tachometer. As per defination from wikipedia

A tachometer (revolution-counter, Tach, rev-counter, RPM gauge) is an instrument measuring the rotation speed of a shaft or disk, as in a motor or other machine. The device usually displays the revolutions per minute (RPM) on a calibrated analogue dial, but digital displays are increasingly common. The word comes from Greek Ταχος, tachos, "speed", and metron, "to measure".

wikipedia



Following diagram explains the logic of this project.



The infra red reflective object sensor work by simply emitting the infra red beam and when it encounter the white object surface than the infra red beam will be reflected back to the phototransistor; next the phototransistor and the 2N3904 transistor which formed the Darlington pair will start to conduct and will generate enough voltage across the 470 Ohm resistor to be considered by the PIC16f690 microcontroller build in Capture Compare Pulse width modulation(CCP )module input port as the logical "1". When the infra red beam encounters the black tire surface than both of the phototransistor and 2N3904 transistor will turn off; and the voltage across 470 Ohm resistor will drop to 3.5 volt (logical "0").

Therefore by timing the generated pulse period by the infra red reflective object sensor we could easily calculate the RPM using this following formula:

Frequency = 1/T Hz; T is the generated pulse period in second.

RPM (Rotation per Minute) = Frequency x 60

Here is a sample video of working project:



You can download project related files here:

Download Contactless Digital Tachometer project

Thank you Romel for this contribution. If anyone has doubts regarding this project, please use forum.
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ajay_bhargav
Mon Oct 20 2014, 11:22 AM
@skrishna, please post in forum so we can help you better.
Tue Oct 14 2014, 01:45 PM
skrishna
how do i write an ALP equivalent 7segment display interfacing embedded c program (both 8051 microcontroller)
Sat Oct 11 2014, 06:41 PM
vaidehi
want details of seven segment LED display common cathode ( IC CD 4026)
Fri Oct 03 2014, 12:52 PM
Narsim
Rickey you inspired me a lot ... I am also planing like you ...
ExperimenterUK
Wed Oct 01 2014, 09:33 PM
We're back.. we had a bug, but posting is back to normal
ExperimenterUK
Sat Sep 13 2014, 04:34 PM
jaimin1212,Pimpalkhare Create a thread for your question
jaimin1212
Sat Sep 13 2014, 06:35 AM
i want to make self balancing robot using MPU6050 using atmega8.. please help to get data of gyro and accelerometer from this sensor through atmega8.
Thu Sep 11 2014, 01:00 PM
Sunil Pimpalkhare
Hello sir, I am trying to make Wearfin project https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZ6PVBvQf-g so can u help me in teaching how to built the program???
Thu Sep 11 2014, 06:21 AM
hariom panday
plz hlp me in my project
iec.naga
Tue Sep 09 2014, 05:19 AM
spi

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Posted By ExperimenterUK
Wed Oct 22 2014, 03:22 AM
Okay, it seems to be a simple serial connection.Th...
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Tue Oct 21 2014, 10:29 PM
I found this slightly different data sheet on a pu...
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after this Accept-language:en-us\r\n...
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@ aksharAT89C51AC3 can bebut the final decision wi...
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@ Okechukwubefore starting this project you should...
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@ kirangowleyou have to set the microphone level a...
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i didnt understand the error where is error is th...
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I found this slightly different data sheet on a pu...
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Coding on Assembly Language is attached hereCODE:....