Contactless Digital Tachometer using PIC Microcontroller

Hey friends, I should have posted this project last month itself but there was some problem with the circuit. [link], author of this project did an exellent job. I have been watching him learning on this website. He came as a total noob but now he is well versed with 8051 and PIC microcontroller. earlier he has submitted Microcontroller Based Home Security System



This project is about A Contactless Digital Tachometer. As per defination from wikipedia

A tachometer (revolution-counter, Tach, rev-counter, RPM gauge) is an instrument measuring the rotation speed of a shaft or disk, as in a motor or other machine. The device usually displays the revolutions per minute (RPM) on a calibrated analogue dial, but digital displays are increasingly common. The word comes from Greek Ταχος, tachos, "speed", and metron, "to measure".

wikipedia



Following diagram explains the logic of this project.



The infra red reflective object sensor work by simply emitting the infra red beam and when it encounter the white object surface than the infra red beam will be reflected back to the phototransistor; next the phototransistor and the 2N3904 transistor which formed the Darlington pair will start to conduct and will generate enough voltage across the 470 Ohm resistor to be considered by the PIC16f690 microcontroller build in Capture Compare Pulse width modulation(CCP )module input port as the logical "1". When the infra red beam encounters the black tire surface than both of the phototransistor and 2N3904 transistor will turn off; and the voltage across 470 Ohm resistor will drop to 3.5 volt (logical "0").

Therefore by timing the generated pulse period by the infra red reflective object sensor we could easily calculate the RPM using this following formula:

Frequency = 1/T Hz; T is the generated pulse period in second.

RPM (Rotation per Minute) = Frequency x 60

Here is a sample video of working project:



You can download project related files here:

Download Contactless Digital Tachometer project

Thank you Romel for this contribution. If anyone has doubts regarding this project, please use forum.
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Conversation

ajay_bhargav
Sat Aug 30 2014, 12:15 PM
@sufiyan, You can use solenoid lock in place of LED.
Fri Aug 29 2014, 12:17 AM
sufiyan
please can you tell me which type of lock activator should i connect in place of LED? can i use selenoid lock actuator
ajay_bhargav
Thu Aug 28 2014, 06:34 AM
Please post questions in forum
Thu Aug 28 2014, 01:44 AM
yednekachew
can you give a project made bay proteus software
Mon Aug 25 2014, 07:12 AM
Vinod Soni
Hi Sir, How can i make this RFID with ATMega16/32 controller
pavanjain
Sat Aug 23 2014, 05:10 AM
Sir i want to download the hex file in P89v51rd2 microcontroller using max232 IC but we not load the program in IC
Tue Aug 19 2014, 04:51 PM
allen ndumu
please i will like to know if the problem of speed control of dc motor using keypad and l298 was if yes can i have the complete project send it to the address i really need to see it
Tue Aug 19 2014, 10:47 AM
Amit Bisht
sir i want to have some trending projects on which i could work related to ATmega 16 microcontroller
ExperimenterUK
Sat Aug 16 2014, 04:16 PM
@diligent . create a thread
Sat Aug 16 2014, 03:17 PM
diligent
in assembly langauage programming..

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bobparihar
Mon Sep 01 2014, 06:19 AM
vijit
Sun Aug 31 2014, 08:33 AM
[email protected]
Sat Aug 30 2014, 04:45 PM
enisi
Wed Aug 27 2014, 06:08 AM
sadalakshmi
Wed Aug 27 2014, 12:39 AM
Paecake
Sun Aug 24 2014, 04:07 PM
pavanjain
Sat Aug 23 2014, 02:33 AM
samchovatiya
Thu Aug 21 2014, 02:30 PM

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ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Mon Sep 01 2014, 07:28 AM
Which RFID module are you using? Post link to the ...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Mon Sep 01 2014, 07:28 AM
We prefer to use English language on our forums. B...
bobparihar Avatar
Posted By bobparihar
Mon Sep 01 2014, 06:33 AM
i am using a RFID module, i want to connect reader...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Sat Aug 30 2014, 12:03 PM
Forgot to attach files. This has source for both R...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Sat Aug 30 2014, 11:56 AM
I found a very good working source but its for PIC...
siddique Avatar
Posted By siddique
Sat Aug 30 2014, 03:34 AM
Have you tried using the TX setup to receive and v...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Thu Aug 28 2014, 03:31 PM
So, I don't think there is any need to load any da...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Thu Aug 28 2014, 06:33 AM
Did your professor ask this question to you? I sug...
siddique Avatar
Posted By siddique
Thu Aug 28 2014, 01:09 AM
hi,In the Tx code, I have disabled auto acknowledg...