Contactless Digital Tachometer using PIC Microcontroller

Hey friends, I should have posted this project last month itself but there was some problem with the circuit. [link], author of this project did an exellent job. I have been watching him learning on this website. He came as a total noob but now he is well versed with 8051 and PIC microcontroller. earlier he has submitted Microcontroller Based Home Security System



This project is about A Contactless Digital Tachometer. As per defination from wikipedia

A tachometer (revolution-counter, Tach, rev-counter, RPM gauge) is an instrument measuring the rotation speed of a shaft or disk, as in a motor or other machine. The device usually displays the revolutions per minute (RPM) on a calibrated analogue dial, but digital displays are increasingly common. The word comes from Greek Ταχος, tachos, "speed", and metron, "to measure".

wikipedia



Following diagram explains the logic of this project.



The infra red reflective object sensor work by simply emitting the infra red beam and when it encounter the white object surface than the infra red beam will be reflected back to the phototransistor; next the phototransistor and the 2N3904 transistor which formed the Darlington pair will start to conduct and will generate enough voltage across the 470 Ohm resistor to be considered by the PIC16f690 microcontroller build in Capture Compare Pulse width modulation(CCP )module input port as the logical "1". When the infra red beam encounters the black tire surface than both of the phototransistor and 2N3904 transistor will turn off; and the voltage across 470 Ohm resistor will drop to 3.5 volt (logical "0").

Therefore by timing the generated pulse period by the infra red reflective object sensor we could easily calculate the RPM using this following formula:

Frequency = 1/T Hz; T is the generated pulse period in second.

RPM (Rotation per Minute) = Frequency x 60

Here is a sample video of working project:



You can download project related files here:

Download Contactless Digital Tachometer project

Thank you Romel for this contribution. If anyone has doubts regarding this project, please use forum.
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Conversation

Wed Feb 22 2017, 06:14 AM
ChollyMo
Indeed, on the LCD tutorial, many missing Tables and figures !!
Wed Feb 22 2017, 06:06 AM
ChollyMo
I don't see any Table 3. I'm using Chrome.
Fri Feb 03 2017, 05:56 AM
irfan shaikh
hi, i want interface WS2811 pixel led using NUVOTON N79E352, but i dont know how to code it. can anyone help me or provide me sample coding for interfacing WS2811 PIXEL LED. THNX
Thu Jan 19 2017, 08:42 PM
abhays
Hi...i have made a circuit for interfacing PT100 with LM358 whose temperature is shown on the LCD...But the temperature is not getting incresed slowly ..a small change directly increses the temp...can any one help me
Thu Jan 19 2017, 04:27 PM
roba
send me alarm clock simulation using proteus software
Mon Jan 16 2017, 03:15 PM
Rutuja
How can we read notepad file using random acess file
Fri Jan 06 2017, 06:18 AM
muhammad Umar
i need cd4047 library file for protious please help me i s
ExperimenterUK
Wed Jan 04 2017, 09:01 PM
@Emin what is your site user name ?
Tue Jan 03 2017, 11:16 PM
Emin
Emin: I'm already a member since 2012 and entered repeatedly during period. But now it is impossible and obtaining a new registration is also failed. The same error message specifying that two e-mails i entered are different!. In fact thaey are the same. Now, what will be happen, what is your solution? Thanks..
Tue Jan 03 2017, 11:15 PM
Emin
I'm already a member since 2012 and entered repeatedly during period. But now it is impossible and obtaining a new registration is also failed. The same error message specifying that two e-mails i entered are different!. In fact thaey are the same. Now, what will be happen, what is your solution? Thanks..

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XuZiling
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Wed Feb 22 2017, 02:46 AM
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Mon Feb 20 2017, 09:52 PM
The syntax should be like thisREC READ :"number w...
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Fri Feb 17 2017, 08:02 AM
The syntax should be like thisREC READ :"number w...
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Fri Feb 17 2017, 04:20 AM
This is the proteus simulation and the code.. we a...
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Thu Feb 16 2017, 05:56 PM
HiThis is what we get on the lcd when we burn the ...
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Posted By Helia
Thu Feb 16 2017, 04:37 PM
HiThis is what we get on the lcd when we burn the ...
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Thank you when we send a message the message is no...
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Tue Feb 14 2017, 06:18 AM
Thank you when we send a message the message is no...
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Posted By ExperimenterUK
Sat Feb 11 2017, 09:22 PM
I made a few changes to make programming easier.Re...