Contactless Digital Tachometer using PIC Microcontroller

Hey friends, I should have posted this project last month itself but there was some problem with the circuit. [link], author of this project did an exellent job. I have been watching him learning on this website. He came as a total noob but now he is well versed with 8051 and PIC microcontroller. earlier he has submitted Microcontroller Based Home Security System



This project is about A Contactless Digital Tachometer. As per defination from wikipedia

A tachometer (revolution-counter, Tach, rev-counter, RPM gauge) is an instrument measuring the rotation speed of a shaft or disk, as in a motor or other machine. The device usually displays the revolutions per minute (RPM) on a calibrated analogue dial, but digital displays are increasingly common. The word comes from Greek Ταχος, tachos, "speed", and metron, "to measure".

wikipedia



Following diagram explains the logic of this project.



The infra red reflective object sensor work by simply emitting the infra red beam and when it encounter the white object surface than the infra red beam will be reflected back to the phototransistor; next the phototransistor and the 2N3904 transistor which formed the Darlington pair will start to conduct and will generate enough voltage across the 470 Ohm resistor to be considered by the PIC16f690 microcontroller build in Capture Compare Pulse width modulation(CCP )module input port as the logical "1". When the infra red beam encounters the black tire surface than both of the phototransistor and 2N3904 transistor will turn off; and the voltage across 470 Ohm resistor will drop to 3.5 volt (logical "0").

Therefore by timing the generated pulse period by the infra red reflective object sensor we could easily calculate the RPM using this following formula:

Frequency = 1/T Hz; T is the generated pulse period in second.

RPM (Rotation per Minute) = Frequency x 60

Here is a sample video of working project:



You can download project related files here:

Download Contactless Digital Tachometer project

Thank you Romel for this contribution. If anyone has doubts regarding this project, please use forum.
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Conversation

Tue Aug 30 2016, 06:06 AM
bhagyashri buddhewad
my project is automatic room light controller using visitor counter so i want coding in keil and circuit diagram can tell me and i want to use uc at89c51 thanks you
ExperimenterUK
Sun Aug 28 2016, 08:32 PM
Which project ?
Sun Aug 28 2016, 05:21 AM
Dipankar Baishya
Hi sir.... I want do this project but I have not this sercuit diagram..... can you give me full details and diagram...... Thank you
Sat Aug 27 2016, 11:32 AM
pankaj kumar
view coding zig zag motion source in html
ExperimenterUK
Fri Aug 26 2016, 05:11 PM
@jaithra post in the 8051 forum. ADCs aren't usually RS232/serial
Fri Aug 26 2016, 04:58 PM
jaithra
sir ,i would please like to have circuit for interfacing 8051(AT89C51) with lLCD 8 bit ,ADC, and Gsm module through RS232 .. along with a buffer ... iam askinh this bcos i found that while interfacing RXD n TXD of 8051 is needed for both ADC and GSm ..cpuld u please help me to layout the circuit please ...
Wed Aug 24 2016, 11:00 PM
Goodnews
pls i need a project writeup on LED scrolling message display using microcontroller
Mon Aug 01 2016, 03:25 PM
Manu Mishra
hi guys if u need c code for SD card interfacing with p89v51rd2 8051 controller system u can see the video of the project and the download the c code form blog http://embeddedinrajasthan.blogspot.in/?view=classic
Mon Aug 01 2016, 03:23 PM
Manu Mishra
hi guys if u need c code for finger print security system u can see the video of the project and the download the c code form blog http://embeddedinrajasthan.blogspot.in/?view=classic
ExperimenterUK
Tue Jul 19 2016, 05:59 PM
@mhammad 64 bits is 8 bytes.

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martinsnc115877
Sat Aug 20 2016, 01:44 PM
rajavarmanslr
Thu Aug 18 2016, 12:24 PM
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Sat Aug 06 2016, 11:38 AM
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Sat Jul 16 2016, 07:19 PM

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Forum Activity
rajavarmanslr Avatar
Posted By rajavarmanslr
Thu Aug 18 2016, 01:40 PM
I have two 8051 that interfaces with nRF24l01. One...
rajavarmanslr Avatar
Posted By rajavarmanslr
Thu Aug 18 2016, 12:31 PM
I have two 8051 that interfaces with nRF24l01. One...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Mon Aug 01 2016, 05:26 AM
is working nowugoo5000Great, thanks for letting u...
ugoo5000 Avatar
Posted By ugoo5000
Sat Jul 30 2016, 07:31 AM
is working noworg 00hmov p1,#11111111bmov p3,#1111...
ugoo5000 Avatar
Posted By ugoo5000
Sat Jul 30 2016, 06:40 AM
when i press a button in p3.0,the counter will st...
ugoo5000 Avatar
Posted By ugoo5000
Sat Jul 30 2016, 06:30 AM
proteus file Attachment ...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Fri Jul 29 2016, 11:34 PM
Your code does not count at all, it produces a one...
ugoo5000 Avatar
Posted By ugoo5000
Fri Jul 29 2016, 07:49 PM
i want the the counter to be counting in secs with...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Fri Jul 29 2016, 07:31 PM
HiYour Proteus file did not upload, be sure to zip...
ugoo5000 Avatar
Posted By ugoo5000
Fri Jul 29 2016, 11:50 AM
below is the proteus file