Contactless Digital Tachometer using PIC Microcontroller

Hey friends, I should have posted this project last month itself but there was some problem with the circuit. [link], author of this project did an exellent job. I have been watching him learning on this website. He came as a total noob but now he is well versed with 8051 and PIC microcontroller. earlier he has submitted Microcontroller Based Home Security System



This project is about A Contactless Digital Tachometer. As per defination from wikipedia

A tachometer (revolution-counter, Tach, rev-counter, RPM gauge) is an instrument measuring the rotation speed of a shaft or disk, as in a motor or other machine. The device usually displays the revolutions per minute (RPM) on a calibrated analogue dial, but digital displays are increasingly common. The word comes from Greek Ταχος, tachos, "speed", and metron, "to measure".

wikipedia



Following diagram explains the logic of this project.



The infra red reflective object sensor work by simply emitting the infra red beam and when it encounter the white object surface than the infra red beam will be reflected back to the phototransistor; next the phototransistor and the 2N3904 transistor which formed the Darlington pair will start to conduct and will generate enough voltage across the 470 Ohm resistor to be considered by the PIC16f690 microcontroller build in Capture Compare Pulse width modulation(CCP )module input port as the logical "1". When the infra red beam encounters the black tire surface than both of the phototransistor and 2N3904 transistor will turn off; and the voltage across 470 Ohm resistor will drop to 3.5 volt (logical "0").

Therefore by timing the generated pulse period by the infra red reflective object sensor we could easily calculate the RPM using this following formula:

Frequency = 1/T Hz; T is the generated pulse period in second.

RPM (Rotation per Minute) = Frequency x 60

Here is a sample video of working project:



You can download project related files here:

Download Contactless Digital Tachometer project

Thank you Romel for this contribution. If anyone has doubts regarding this project, please use forum.
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Conversation

Tue Feb 09 2016, 05:17 PM
Ankush SS
Can i get the source code of this project? Please n thnk u for ur kindness
Fri Feb 05 2016, 08:33 AM
SANJYOT JADHAV
sir did we have to use Gsm modem for testing the circuit on proteus
Tue Feb 02 2016, 11:17 AM
upendra kumar
i want information about 3-phase motor control using gsm technology
Sat Jan 16 2016, 05:33 PM
Kenneth Etuk
Hi everyone, I need help with a project involving MCU,rttc, and DC motor. I will pay for it. please reply to my mail [email protected] if you are interested. thanks
ExperimenterUK
Sat Jan 16 2016, 02:08 AM
@Kabona Log in and create a thread. Tell us what you want to do
Tue Jan 12 2016, 08:24 PM
Kabona
how can I make my pc be input and output device for the microcontroller
Sat Jan 09 2016, 07:04 AM
Ravz
Thank u..... one more doubt Will ultrasonic sensor HC-SR04 works with aurdino board in operating system linux
Tommy.Kofisterix
Fri Jan 08 2016, 08:50 PM
I know it detects also the mud on rear bumper, this means other obstacles will
Tommy.Kofisterix
Fri Jan 08 2016, 08:48 PM
Hey hi, hello
Tue Jan 05 2016, 03:03 PM
Ravz
Anybody here????

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designAAA
Sat Jan 30 2016, 08:49 AM
syavash_kasraeee
Sat Jan 16 2016, 05:54 AM
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Thu Jan 07 2016, 04:40 AM
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Tue Jan 05 2016, 04:06 PM
siimao
Thu Dec 24 2015, 04:00 PM
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Thu Dec 17 2015, 03:35 PM
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Tue Dec 15 2015, 11:36 AM
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Thu Dec 10 2015, 12:50 PM

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Forum Activity
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Thu Feb 04 2016, 04:10 AM
Sir I didn't understand that. Could you explain ab...
sankalp_s Avatar
Posted By sankalp_s
Tue Feb 02 2016, 07:26 PM
but good use of sub routines will save a lot of ...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Tue Feb 02 2016, 12:25 AM
after removing ALLON instruction it's working fine...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Tue Feb 02 2016, 12:14 AM
Which micro controller are you using ?.Does it hav...
sankalp_s Avatar
Posted By sankalp_s
Sat Jan 30 2016, 07:40 PM
You need to explain exactly what you want the code...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Sat Jan 30 2016, 06:57 PM
>sir can you code this in any other method?You nee...
sankalp_s Avatar
Posted By sankalp_s
Sat Jan 30 2016, 06:47 PM
CALL ALLONCLR L1CLR L2CLR L3CLR L4CALL DELAY ;del...
designAAA Avatar
Posted By designAAA
Sat Jan 30 2016, 10:03 AM
I have used to timer 2 external pin for other purp...
designAAA Avatar
Posted By designAAA
Sat Jan 30 2016, 09:00 AM
Hello,I am building the dotmatrix display, where I...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Sat Jan 30 2016, 12:40 AM
ok sir but what is solution for it. will i have to...