►Introduction

This section of tutorial will explain you everything that you need to know about stepper motors. Stepper motors can be used in various areas of your microcontroller projects such as making robots, robotic arm, automatic door lock system etc. This tutorial will explain you construction of stepper motors (unipolar and bipolar stepper motors ), basic pricipal, different controlling types (Half step and Full step), Interfacing Techniques (using L293D or ULN2003) and programming your microcontroller in C and assembly to control stepper motor.


Unipolar stepper motor
The unipolar stepper motor has five or six wires and four coils (actually two coils divided by center connections on each coil). The center connections of the coils are tied together and used as the power connection. They are called unipolar steppers because power always comes in on this one pole.


Bipolar stepper motor
The bipolar stepper motor usually has four wires coming out of it. Unlike unipolar steppers, bipolar steppers have no common center connection. They have two independent sets of coils instead. You can distinguish them from unipolar steppers by measuring the resistance between the wires. You should find two pairs of wires with equal resistance. If you've got the leads of your meter connected to two wires that are not connected (i.e. not attached to the same coil), you should see infinite resistance (or no continuity).




As already said, we will talk mostly on "Unipolar stepper motors" which is most common type of stepper motor available in the market.A simple example of 6 lead step motor is given below and in 5 lead step motor wire 5 and 6 are joined together to make 1 wire as common.


Unipolar stepper motor coils


►Working of Stepper Motor

Now lets discuss the operation pricipal of a stepper motor. When we energize a coil of stepper motor, The shaft of stepper motor (which is actually a permanent magnet) align itself according to poles of energized coil. So when motor coils are energized in a particular sequence, motor shaft tend to align itself according to pole of coils and hence rotates. A small example of energizing operation is given below.

working principal of stepper motor


You can see in the example, when coil "A" is energized, A north-south polarity is generated at "A+A\" as shown in the figure above and magnetic shaft automatically align itself according to the poles generated. When the next coil is energized the shaft again align itself and take a step. Hence the working pricipal.

working principal of stepper motor


We have seen that to make the stepper motor work, we need to energize coil in a sqeuence. The explaination and generation of the sequence is explaind in the next section of the tutorial.


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DC Motor Tutorial Index
Introduction to Stepper Motors
Stepper Motor Connections
Step Sequence of Stepper Motors
Programming for Stepper Motor

Conversation

ajay_bhargav
Sat Aug 30 2014, 12:15 PM
@sufiyan, You can use solenoid lock in place of LED.
Fri Aug 29 2014, 12:17 AM
sufiyan
please can you tell me which type of lock activator should i connect in place of LED? can i use selenoid lock actuator
ajay_bhargav
Thu Aug 28 2014, 06:34 AM
Please post questions in forum
Thu Aug 28 2014, 01:44 AM
yednekachew
can you give a project made bay proteus software
Mon Aug 25 2014, 07:12 AM
Vinod Soni
Hi Sir, How can i make this RFID with ATMega16/32 controller
pavanjain
Sat Aug 23 2014, 05:10 AM
Sir i want to download the hex file in P89v51rd2 microcontroller using max232 IC but we not load the program in IC
Tue Aug 19 2014, 04:51 PM
allen ndumu
please i will like to know if the problem of speed control of dc motor using keypad and l298 was if yes can i have the complete project send it to the address i really need to see it
Tue Aug 19 2014, 10:47 AM
Amit Bisht
sir i want to have some trending projects on which i could work related to ATmega 16 microcontroller
ExperimenterUK
Sat Aug 16 2014, 04:16 PM
@diligent . create a thread
Sat Aug 16 2014, 03:17 PM
diligent
in assembly langauage programming..

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Comments

vijit
Sun Aug 31 2014, 08:33 AM
[email protected]
Sat Aug 30 2014, 04:45 PM
enisi
Wed Aug 27 2014, 06:08 AM
sadalakshmi
Wed Aug 27 2014, 12:39 AM
Paecake
Sun Aug 24 2014, 04:07 PM
pavanjain
Sat Aug 23 2014, 02:33 AM
samchovatiya
Thu Aug 21 2014, 02:30 PM
hasmukhjain
Wed Aug 20 2014, 06:28 AM

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Forum Activity
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Sat Aug 30 2014, 12:03 PM
Forgot to attach files. This has source for both R...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Sat Aug 30 2014, 11:56 AM
I found a very good working source but its for PIC...
siddique Avatar
Posted By siddique
Sat Aug 30 2014, 03:34 AM
Have you tried using the TX setup to receive and v...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Thu Aug 28 2014, 03:31 PM
So, I don't think there is any need to load any da...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Thu Aug 28 2014, 06:33 AM
Did your professor ask this question to you? I sug...
siddique Avatar
Posted By siddique
Thu Aug 28 2014, 01:09 AM
hi,In the Tx code, I have disabled auto acknowledg...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Wed Aug 27 2014, 04:59 PM
Your board has two serial ports, are you connectin...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Wed Aug 27 2014, 04:45 PM
In your TX code I see where you set payload width ...
enisi Avatar
Posted By enisi
Wed Aug 27 2014, 07:05 AM
It can be more than one ansawer correctly