Discussion in "Software" started by    bhagirath    Jul 5, 2011.
Tue Jul 05 2011, 04:19 AM
#1
Hi all,

I am a newbie to Keil. I was just working in one demo project and stuck in between due to some access violation error. I tried googleing to various forums but didn't work, also tried applying map command but no success may be anyone could provide proper steps to do so. So could can one please help me in this regards? My code is as follows

//start
#include<reg51.h>

#include<string.h>


char var1[1];
char var2[1];
char var3[1];
char var4[5];
char var5[5];
char var6[1];
char var7[1];

void main()
{
    while(1)
    {
        char str[]= "123456789123456";
        int idx1 = 0;
        int index2 = 1;
        strncpy (var1,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var2,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var3,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=5;
        index2+=5;
        strncpy (var4,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=5;
        strncpy (var5,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=5;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var6,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var7,str+idx1,index2);
    }
}
//end


The error comes while debugging the code, here any where in between it stops debugging and throws error 65 access violation error.
If possible please reply me with steps to resolve this. Let me know if you want further information.

Thanks in advance

Info: Keil version 3.0 eval, hardware : AT89S52
Tue Jul 05 2011, 06:22 PM
#2
For a start,to find an error remove all the code you can until the error disappears.
In this case everything in your while loop.
Then put back a bit at a time until the error comes back .
This tells you where to look.

Your error(s) come from the use of strncpy.
Most of your target buffers are only one byte long and yet you are often trying to copy
more than one byte into them.
This means you are "violating" memory space you "don't own"



[ Edited Wed Jul 06 2011, 03:28 PM ]
Wed Jul 06 2011, 07:52 AM
#3
Hi ExperimenterUK,

Thank you very much for reply,

As per your advice I have removed all the multiple characters trimming, now I am doing only on single character, but then also I am getting the same error. I had googled on this error and some where it was mentioned to keep the code in single loop thats why i have kept it under while(1).

#include<reg51.h>

#include<string.h>


char var1[1];
char var2[1];
char var3[1];
char var4[1];
char var5[1];
char var6[1];
char var7[1];

void main()
{
    while(1)
    {
        char str[]= "123456789123456";
        unsigned char idx1 = 0;
        unsigned char index2 = 1;
        strncpy (var1,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var2,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var3,str+idx1,index2);
		idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var4,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var5,str+idx1,index2);// here the location of error..
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var6,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
       	strncpy (var7,str+idx1,index2);
		break;
    }
}


I will be really grateful to you if you could try this in your environment.

According to my requirement I need to perform substring function on one string, thats why i have kept strncpy().

Thanks once again.
Wed Jul 06 2011, 08:31 AM
#4
I tried your code on My keil, it didnt showed any error,
Check your keil with other programs(simple one)
Wed Jul 06 2011, 09:16 AM
#5
Hi kirangowle,

I am getting error on debugging the code line by line. The code compiles fine with keil. the only issue
is while debugging it throws error for access violation.

Could you please try debugging the code?

Thanks
Bhagirath
Wed Jul 06 2011, 10:22 AM
#6
Hi,
I debugged your code, it was getting halt at strncpy(var3,)

In array declaration i increased the array length to 5(var[5]) and keep the local variable declaration outside of the while(1).
Wed Jul 06 2011, 11:31 AM
#7
Hi Kirangowle,

Thanks for reply,

I have changed the code as you have suggested, for performance and testing issue i have changed the capacity for each var to 1 byte. But no success, in debugging it stops at var5, after which i have noticed that all variables are cleared which were holding their values before error. here is my changed code

char var1[1];
char var2[1];
///...
char var7[1];
char str[]= "123456789123456";
char idx1 = 0;
char index2 = 1;

void main()
{

    while(1)
    {
        strncpy (var1,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var2,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var3,str+idx1,index2);
		idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var4,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var5,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var6,str+idx1,index2);
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
       	strncpy (var7,str+idx1,index2);
		
    }
}


Wed Jul 06 2011, 12:26 PM
#8
You didnt change the array length from var[1] to var[5].
i am not understanding what basically u are try to achieve .
Wed Jul 06 2011, 01:34 PM
#9
Hi,

Let me describe my workflow here, I want to substring the "str" in different segments. Let say that segments would be like
var1 = first character
var2 = 2nd - 4th
var3 = 5th - 8th
like wise, it is my custom requirement.

In given example i have created var1[1] - var7[1] just to check, because it was some times showing error in array with bigger ranges. Actually it will be as describe above.e.g.
var1[1], var2[3], var2[4], var4[1]....

Hope this clears it..

And in doing so keil is throwing the error of either access violation or it stops debugging.
Wed Jul 06 2011, 03:51 PM
#10


Hi ExperimenterUK,
As per your advice I have removed all the multiple characters trimming, now I am doing only on single character,

bhagirath


Actually I meant remove all the statements,then put back one statement at a time.


I had googled on this error and some where it was mentioned to keep the code in single
loop thats why i have kept it under while(1).

bhagirath


Whatever you Googled is not relevent here,remove the while() loop, or at least move it to the end

Remove this line for now " index2+=1; " it makes you copy more bytes each time


Try this
#include<reg51.h>
#include<string.h>
char var1[1];
char var2[1];
char var3[1];

void main()
{

    
        char str[]= "123456789123456";
        unsigned char idx1 = 0;
        unsigned char index2 = 1;
        strncpy (var1,str+idx1,index2);  //this should work
        idx1+=1;
 //;  index2+=1; don't do this as it copies 2 bytes next time

        strncpy (var2,str+idx1,index2);   //this should work
        idx1+=1;
        index2+=1;
        strncpy (var3,str+idx1,index2);   //this should not  work
//;		break;  // ??? not needed
    while(1);

}


Get Social

Information

Powered by e107 Forum System

Conversation

ExperimenterUK
Tue Jul 19 2016, 05:59 PM
@mhammad 64 bits is 8 bytes.
Tue Jul 19 2016, 07:56 AM
mhammad kassem
hello! i want to know how to use UART in mikroc , I want to receive 64 bits from another microcontroller and i dont know how to start my code to receive the 64 bits...any help?
ExperimenterUK
Mon Jul 18 2016, 08:32 PM
@meena.. are you still having trouble ?
Sat Jul 16 2016, 10:19 AM
Meena
problem in loading email address while registering.Please help
Sun Jul 10 2016, 02:50 PM
shockwave
could you please provide a sample code that controling LED using bluetooth HC-05 interfacing pic16f877a thank you!
Sun Jul 10 2016, 02:49 PM
shockwave
Help!
ExperimenterUK
Sat Jul 09 2016, 05:25 PM
@Santhana krishnan post in forum to discuss your problem
Thu Jul 07 2016, 09:26 AM
Santhana krishnan
Hi i program atmega 32 it was functiining corectly but now aref pins voltage 2.56 is droped to .85 volts also a ports input viltage also dropped so anologe inpit not funcitonig please help me to find out the problem
Thu Jul 07 2016, 09:24 AM
Santhana krishnan
Hi i program the atmega 32
Thu Jul 07 2016, 09:24 AM
Santhana krishnan
Hi

Downloads

Comments

adithyapaip
Thu Jul 21 2016, 05:45 PM
celu
Thu Jul 21 2016, 05:27 PM
Aiko
Wed Jul 20 2016, 01:51 PM
JorgeG
Sat Jul 16 2016, 07:19 PM
Piotrekk
Wed Jul 06 2016, 09:35 AM
dyoussef
Wed Jun 29 2016, 07:29 PM
sung7333
Tue Jun 28 2016, 06:23 AM
Bonolai
Fri Jun 24 2016, 06:02 AM

Online

Guests: 37, Members: 0 ...

most ever online: 182184
(Members: , Guests: 182184) on 06 Aug 2010: 05:37 AM

Members: 37775
Newest member: adithyapaip
Forum Activity
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Sat Jul 23 2016, 07:14 PM
I found this datasheet, it is a type of driver.It ...
Piotrekk Avatar
Posted By Piotrekk
Fri Jul 22 2016, 10:12 AM
I found an old box of electronic components in the...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Thu Jul 21 2016, 07:37 PM
That is curious, but very likely a co-incidence.Th...
adithyapaip Avatar
Posted By adithyapaip
Thu Jul 21 2016, 07:18 PM
I am using keil to do everthing in 8051,when I was...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Thu Jul 21 2016, 07:14 PM
By far the easiest and cheapest way to talk to the...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Thu Jul 21 2016, 07:04 PM
The crystal on the programmer does not affect the ...
adithyapaip Avatar
Posted By adithyapaip
Thu Jul 21 2016, 06:06 PM
Hi Guys..i have a 8051 programmer which has 4mhz c...
Aiko Avatar
Posted By Aiko
Wed Jul 20 2016, 01:56 PM
ankitbajaj01 Avatar
Posted By ankitbajaj01
Wed Jul 20 2016, 04:49 AM
Dear All,Greetings!!!I want to develop Online moni...
sairfan1 Avatar
Posted By sairfan1
Tue Jul 19 2016, 09:56 PM
Now a days there are many smart locks available li...