Discussion in "Electronics" started by    diana1234    Mar 30, 2015.
Mon Mar 30 2015, 08:12 AM
Dear sir,

How a resistor can be used as a current limiting resistor with negligible voltage drop across it in a circuit.
what criteria to choose a resistor?
please elaborate as i am fresher in electronic design.

Tue Mar 31 2015, 04:29 AM
Its in nature of resistor to reduce the current when connected in series. Voltage drop will always be proportional to current flowing in the circuit. as V = IR
If R is fixed then its the current that cause less or more voltage drop than resistor value as its not changing.

selecting a resistor is according to the final device connected in your circuit. e.g. if you have an LED connected in the circuit say for e.g. like this...
```VCC
---
|    R
+--/\/\/\----|>
|----GND
```

Then selection of R depends on LED characteristics. Now say if LED can sustain a maximum current of 20ma then you have to make sure that resistor should be selected such a way that it limits the current to within 20ma.
V = IR -> R = V/I
If V is 5V and I is 20mA max then:
R = 5 * 1000 / 20 = 250 Ω
You can select any resistor >=250 Ω. As you increase value of resistor from 250 to say 330Ω the current gets limited to 15mA, this will intern reduces the brightness of the LED, and if you keep on increasing resistor the current keeps on reducing at a point when current goes lower than forward bias current of LED. It will stop glowing.

Now we have seen that resistor limits the current but if current flowing from the resistor is high then you have to make sure you select right wattage of resistor.

We know that Power = V * I and I = V/R
so P = V * V / R

Once you have selected the right value of resistor, then required wattage can be calculated from equation above. It is advisable to select a resistor with double wattage that the calculated value.

Hope this clears somewhat your question?
diana1234 like this.
Tue Mar 31 2015, 11:17 AM
Thank you sir for the reply,

As you give the LED example, in that you only disscussed about current, what will be the voltage drop across resistor R (250 ohm, 330 ohm , etc)?

Thank you
Fri Apr 03 2015, 10:34 AM
Voltage drop is always according to current flowing in the circuit.
e.g. If you use 5V and 250Ω resistor then current flowing in the circuit will be
I = V/R = 5/250 = 20mA
so voltage drop across resistor will be V = I * R = 250 * 0.02 = 5V which is reverse of what you did. If you consider a circuit where multiple resistances comes into picture then voltage drop changes. e.g. if you have two series resistors then voltage across each resistor will be:
Vr1 = R1 * V/(R1 + R2)
Vr2 = R2 * V/(R1 + R2)
Sat Apr 04 2015, 04:51 AM
Here is some confusing point
if Vcc = 5volts, I(LED)= 20mA then R=250 ohms as R = V/I.
Also the voltage drop across resistor R is 5volts (V=I*R = 0.02 * 250 = 5 volts)
Now with 5volts voltage drop across resistor R, i think there is no any voltage across LED and LED wont glow at all.
As i know LED requires their minimum rated voltage and current to glow (as LED like a diode then the voltage drop is 0.7 volts minimum).
* Will the LED glow?
* If I use power supply of rating 5Vdc @ 1A then how the Resistor wattage will be calculated, according to load current or supply current if I use formula P = I^2 * R,
if I use P= V^2/R then what is V here, supply voltage or resistor drop voltage?

Please clear these point as I always got stuck at this situation.

Thank you for giving me your valuable time.

[ Edited Sat Apr 04 2015, 05:13 AM ]
Sat Apr 04 2015, 08:16 AM
I was just trying to give an overview of selection criteria and points to take care when selecting a resistor. Ok if you want to go to the scale then yes led forward voltage do come into picture.
So actual voltage becomes: V-Vled = 5 - 0.7 = 4.3V

So you resistor value becomes R = 4.3 / 20 = 215 Ω
That's the reason most of LEDs use 220 Ω series resistor.

### Information

#### Conversation

Thu Nov 21 2019, 12:30 PM
raj2555
how to interface 8051 microcontroller with NRF24L01+ module
Sat Oct 12 2019, 10:23 PM
Sat Oct 12 2019, 10:18 AM
i am doing a countdown timer with 8051 for my project, unfortunately our professor had to take a leave of absence before he could teach us most of it.. can someone explain the .asm code of it for me?
Mon Sep 23 2019, 07:37 AM
Nathaniel
I am doing a project for my schools wireless security system with cameras,sensors and spot lights using 8051 micro controller, could you help me out with the design and its source code.
Wed Sep 18 2019, 08:48 PM
Caryn Kover
Mon Aug 05 2019, 07:09 PM
@Ismail ..post in forum, give details
Mon Aug 05 2019, 04:33 PM
Ismail balghmi
Wed Jul 24 2019, 12:47 AM
@BUSTER123 Please post in the forum
Tue Jul 23 2019, 06:13 PM
BUSTER123
hello! newbie here. i am kind of a guy who hates using ready - made existing libraries, so this helped a lot as i was trying to control and write to a character lcd display. however, i can't figure out how to set the cursor position. for example, i want to set it to the 5th column in the first row, so position 5. so according to the table, i am sending 10000101 on the 8 data lines of the lcd (register select pulled low). the cursor does not move there however. and i cant move the cursor left or right too. is it something wrong that i am doing? thank you.
Thu Jul 11 2019, 07:55 PM
@ramos https://www.theengineeringprojects.com/2017/09/l298-motor-driver-library-proteus.html

### Recent

nabiha_anaya
Sun Dec 08 2019, 09:16 AM
ananyagupta
Tue Dec 03 2019, 07:53 AM
wells
Mon Nov 25 2019, 08:25 PM
auwal
Tue Nov 19 2019, 03:13 PM
ANKITPATEL
Mon Nov 18 2019, 11:00 AM
Casmir
Wed Nov 13 2019, 06:25 AM
DeepakBGattani
Mon Nov 11 2019, 01:31 PM
Jeanbusatta
Sun Nov 10 2019, 04:42 AM

#### Online

Guests: 29, Members: 0 ...

most ever online: 182184
(Members: , Guests: 182184) on 06 Aug 2010: 05:37 AM

Members: 38108
Forum Activity
##### Posted By ilylily07
Sun Dec 08 2019, 01:24 PM
##### Posted By nabiha_anaya
Sun Dec 08 2019, 09:19 AM
My teacher assign me a project on "voice control h...
##### Posted By ExperimenterUK
Fri Nov 29 2019, 04:24 AM
" Is it possible to interface a fingerprint scanne...
##### Posted By ilylily07
Thu Nov 28 2019, 03:50 PM
You will not find any code for an 8051 as no one w...
##### Posted By ExperimenterUK
Tue Nov 26 2019, 05:44 PM
You will not find any code for an 8051 as no one w...
##### Posted By ilylily07
Tue Nov 26 2019, 04:13 AM
I tracked down a OV7670 data sheet.The OV7670 puts...
##### Posted By ExperimenterUK
Tue Nov 26 2019, 12:08 AM
I tracked down a OV7670 data sheet.The OV7670 puts...
##### Posted By ilylily07
Mon Nov 25 2019, 04:38 PM
The 8051 has too little memory to do anything us...
##### Posted By ExperimenterUK
Tue Nov 19 2019, 10:44 PM
The 8051 has too little memory to do anything us...
##### Posted By ilylily07
Mon Nov 18 2019, 09:54 AM
0v7670 camera interfacing with stc 8051.using asse...