Commands and Instruction set

Only the instruction register (IR) and the data register (DR) of the LCD can be controlled by the MCU. Before starting the internal operation of the LCD, control information is temporarily stored into these registers to allow interfacing with various MCUs, which operate at different speeds, or various peripheral control devices. The internal operation of the LCD is determined by signals sent from the MCU. These signals, which include register selection signal (RS), read/write signal (R/W), and the data bus (DB0 to DB7), make up the LCD instructions (Table 3). There are four categories of instructions that:


  • Designate LCD functions, such as display format, data length, etc.
  • Set internal RAM addresses
  • Perform data transfer with internal RAM
  • Perform miscellaneous functions



Table 3: Command and Instruction set for LCD type HD44780


Although looking at the table you can make your own commands and test them. Below is a breif list of useful commands which are used frequently while working on the LCD.


No. Instruction Hex Decimal
1Function Set: 8-bit, 1 Line, 5x7 Dots0x3048
2Function Set: 8-bit, 2 Line, 5x7 Dots0x3856
3Function Set: 4-bit, 1 Line, 5x7 Dots0x2032
4Function Set: 4-bit, 2 Line, 5x7 Dots0x2840
5Entry Mode0x066
6Display off Cursor off
(clearing display without clearing DDRAM content)
0x088
7Display on Cursor on0x0E14
8Display on Cursor off0x0C12
9Display on Cursor blinking0x0F15
10Shift entire display left0x1824
11Shift entire display right0x1C30
12Move cursor left by one character0x1016
13Move cursor right by one character0x1420
14Clear Display (also clear DDRAM content)0x011
15Set DDRAM address or coursor position on display0x80 + address*128 + address*
16Set CGRAM address or set pointer to CGRAM location0x40 + address**64 + address**
Table 4: Frequently used commands and instructions for LCD
* DDRAM address given in LCD basics section see Figure 2,3,4
** CGRAM address from 0x00 to 0x3F, 0x00 to 0x07 for char1 and so on..

The table above will help you while writing programs for LCD. But after you are done testing with the table 4, i recommend you to use table 3 to get more grip on working with LCD and trying your own commands. In the next section of the tutorial we will see the initialization with some of the coding examples in C as well as assembly.

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Wed Mar 25 2020, 09:39 AM
Tajammul
Sir kindly send the code file i2c for 8051
ExperimenterUK
Fri Mar 13 2020, 06:36 PM
@ Rohitnani,ABEBE..which project ?
Fri Mar 13 2020, 08:55 AM
ABEBE
how can get hadwere of this project
Rohitnani
Sat Mar 07 2020, 12:11 PM
Sir, Could you please send me the zip file input password....
Wed Feb 26 2020, 11:58 AM
Peter Parker
Is it possible to send multiple messages using only 1 GSM module?
Sat Feb 01 2020, 05:12 AM
Pearl Olin
Hello,
Wed Jan 22 2020, 01:16 PM
MINU CHAUDHARY
I m getting errors while simulation process during interfacing socket output and lcd... Can i get the report of ur project which is same as us.
Tue Jan 14 2020, 02:08 AM
shubham kharade
when i am trying to simulate the program in Proteus 8 professional, I am getting some errors as cannot find module file dhtxx.md can u help me
Tue Dec 17 2019, 08:44 AM
Devangi
hello..i am programming industrial timer using 8051 with 24lc64 eeprom. i have query in storing the 3 diff value in eeprom with enter button. can anyone share c code ?
Tue Dec 17 2019, 05:30 AM
Andrius
Hello. Can anyone share the code in Bascon and scheme in Proteus?

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With regards to the particular characters sent to ...
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