►Introduction

Keypads are a part of HMI or Human Machine Interface and play really important role in a small embedded system where human interaction or human input is needed. Martix keypads are well known for their simple architecture and ease of interfacing with any microcontroller. In this part of tutorial we will learn how to interface a 4x4 matrix keypad with AVR and 8051 microcontroller. Also we will see how to program then in Assembly and C.


►Constructing a Matrix Keypad

Constuction of a keypad is really simple. As per the outline shown in the figure below we have four rows and four columns. In between each overlapping row and column line there is a key.


4x4 matrix Keypad outline

So keeping this outline we can constuct a keypad using simple SPST Switches as shown below:


4x4 matrix Keypad schematic

Now our keypad is ready, all we have to do is connect the rows and columns to a port of microcontroller and program the controller to read the input.


►Scanning a Matrix Keypad

There are many methods depending on how you connect your keypad with your controller, but the basic logic is same. We make the coloums as i/p and we drive the rows making them o/p, this whole procedure of reading the keyboard is called scanning.


In order to detect which key is pressed from the matrix, we make row lines low one by one and read the coloums. Lets say we first make Row1 low, then read the columns. If any of the key in row1 is pressed will make the corrosponding column as low i.e if second key is pressed in Row1, then column2 will give low. So we come to know that key 2 of Row1 is pressed. This is how scanning is done.


So to scan the keypad completely, we need to make rows low one by one and read the columns. If any of the button is pressed in a row, it will take the corrosponding column to a low state which tells us that a key is pressed in that row. If button 1 of a row is pressed then Column 1 will become low, if button 2 then column2 and so on...


Now lets move on to the programming part of keypad in our next section.

◄ Back to Index  |  Connecting a Keypad ►

Conversation

shshistiem
Wed Sep 12 2018, 10:58 PM
hii!! some1 please let me know how i ll get rfid code to 8051 by WEIGAND mode
DrNossberg
Tue Sep 11 2018, 08:09 PM
is there anyone here?
Mon Aug 27 2018, 07:30 AM
bun
Hello everyone´╝ü
Sat Jul 21 2018, 06:21 AM
Dibakar Bhanja Chowdhury
By using a 555 timer how can I expand the range of the mobile phone jammer? Please reply me asap
Sun May 20 2018, 10:01 AM
justinb
how to write and execute a program that read the keypad button and display the number on 7 segment on intel8051 at89s52 in assembly language?
Thu May 17 2018, 06:36 AM
HAMZA TAJ
sir iwant to ask about controller of three phase supply by using back to back thyristor instead of triac....will u give me some guideline?
Sat Apr 28 2018, 12:54 PM
ashutosh jain
IR Remote Switch using TV remote (RC5 Protocol) is not working properly. opp1 & opp2 is in problem.plz help
ExperimenterUK
Fri Apr 27 2018, 08:09 PM
@kaiserslautern Post in forum
Wed Apr 25 2018, 07:09 AM
kaiserslautern
Hello everyone, using software uart is a very good idea for a second serial port. Thank you so much. I would kindly like to know how to connect this port to the PC?
ExperimenterUK
Sat Apr 21 2018, 07:50 PM
This is a community site. Feel free to help anyone needing advice

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Comments

PCBindex
Fri Sep 14 2018, 02:45 AM
sirkit
Thu Sep 13 2018, 04:46 AM
shshistiem
Wed Sep 12 2018, 10:36 PM
DrNossberg
Tue Sep 11 2018, 03:25 PM
ranjanvh
Thu Sep 06 2018, 02:28 PM
rbbhamre
Tue Sep 04 2018, 06:15 PM
Tressie
Sun Sep 02 2018, 02:20 PM
Sudhansudeep
Fri Aug 31 2018, 08:26 AM

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ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Thu Sep 13 2018, 08:39 PM
First of all, by reading your reply, I abandoned m...
DrNossberg Avatar
Posted By DrNossberg
Thu Sep 13 2018, 03:49 PM
Hi, thanks you for your reply ^^ First of all, by ...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Wed Sep 12 2018, 12:12 AM
HiThere are several issues here.The original 8051 ...
DrNossberg Avatar
Posted By DrNossberg
Tue Sep 11 2018, 08:08 PM
Hello everybody!First of all let me explain some s...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Fri Sep 07 2018, 05:08 AM
The compiler thinks the micro doesn't have enough...
Sudhansudeep Avatar
Posted By Sudhansudeep
Fri Sep 07 2018, 02:59 AM
this is the build output message
Sudhansudeep Avatar
Posted By Sudhansudeep
Fri Sep 07 2018, 01:38 AM
Change the mobile number as [number removed] in t...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Thu Sep 06 2018, 08:56 PM
I don't know what the problem is, I get no errors....
Sudhansudeep Avatar
Posted By Sudhansudeep
Thu Sep 06 2018, 01:12 PM
the code is Attachment ...
Sudhansudeep Avatar
Posted By Sudhansudeep
Thu Sep 06 2018, 12:48 PM
the code is same as u sent me for 16 chars