►Connecting Unipolar Stepper Motor

There are actually many ways you can interface a stepper motor to your controller, out of them the most used interfaces are:
  1. Interface using L293D - H-Bridge Motor Driver
  2. Interface using ULN2003/2004 - Darlington Arrays

We will dicuss both connection techniques one by one. The above mentioned methods need 4 controller pins for interface.

Connecting Unipolar stepper using L293D

Please click on the image to enlarge it

As you see in the circuit above the four pins "Controller pin 1",2,3 and 4 will control the motion and direction of the stepper motor according to the step sequece programmed in the controller.




Connecting Unipolar stepper using ULN2003/2004

Please click on the image to enlarge it

As already discussed in case of L293D, Here in this circuit too the four pins "Controller pin 1",2,3 and 4 will control the motion and direction of the stepper motor according to the step sequece sent by the controller.

►2-wire connection for Unipolar Stepper Motor

We have seen the generally used 4-wire connection method for interfacing unipolar stepper motor, but we can simplify the design to make controller use less pins with the help of 2-wire connection method. The circuit for 2-wire connection is shown below.

[lightbox=unipolar_stepper_big.gif|Unipolar Stepper Motor connection|stepper motor connections]
[/lightbox]
Please click on the image to enlarge it


►Connecting Bipolar Stepper Motor

As we have studied that, Bi-polar stepper motors has 2 different coils. The step sequence for Bipolar stepper motor is same as that of unipolar stepper motors. The driving circuit for this require an H-Bridge as it allows the polarity of the power applied to be controlled independently. This can be done as shown in the figure below:

[lightbox=bipolar_stepper_big.gif|Bipolar Stepper Motor connection|stepper motor connections]
[/lightbox]
Please click on the image to enlarge it

Now we have seen the methods for connecting stepper motors with your microcontroller. So keeping these circuits in mind,we will now look at the programming of microcontroller to control stepper motors. This is discussed in the next section of the tutorial.

◄ Previous Page  |  Next Page ►

DC Motor Tutorial Index
Introduction to Stepper Motors
Stepper Motor Connections
Step Sequence of Stepper Motors
Programming for Stepper Motor

Conversation

Fri Aug 29 2014, 12:17 AM
sufiyan
please can you tell me which type of lock activator should i connect in place of LED? can i use selenoid lock actuator
ajay_bhargav
Thu Aug 28 2014, 06:34 AM
Please post questions in forum
Thu Aug 28 2014, 01:44 AM
yednekachew
can you give a project made bay proteus software
Mon Aug 25 2014, 07:12 AM
Vinod Soni
Hi Sir, How can i make this RFID with ATMega16/32 controller
pavanjain
Sat Aug 23 2014, 05:10 AM
Sir i want to download the hex file in P89v51rd2 microcontroller using max232 IC but we not load the program in IC
Tue Aug 19 2014, 04:51 PM
allen ndumu
please i will like to know if the problem of speed control of dc motor using keypad and l298 was if yes can i have the complete project send it to the address i really need to see it
Tue Aug 19 2014, 10:47 AM
Amit Bisht
sir i want to have some trending projects on which i could work related to ATmega 16 microcontroller
ExperimenterUK
Sat Aug 16 2014, 04:16 PM
@diligent . create a thread
Sat Aug 16 2014, 03:17 PM
diligent
in assembly langauage programming..
Sat Aug 16 2014, 03:14 PM
diligent
will anyone help me?

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Comments

enisi
Wed Aug 27 2014, 06:08 AM
sadalakshmi
Wed Aug 27 2014, 12:39 AM
Paecake
Sun Aug 24 2014, 04:07 PM
pavanjain
Sat Aug 23 2014, 02:33 AM
samchovatiya
Thu Aug 21 2014, 02:30 PM
hasmukhjain
Wed Aug 20 2014, 06:28 AM
rablo
Tue Aug 19 2014, 10:10 AM
faizhameed
Tue Aug 12 2014, 10:39 PM

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Forum Activity
siddique Avatar
Posted By siddique
Sat Aug 30 2014, 03:34 AM
Have you tried using the TX setup to receive and v...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Thu Aug 28 2014, 03:31 PM
So, I don't think there is any need to load any da...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Thu Aug 28 2014, 06:33 AM
Did your professor ask this question to you? I sug...
siddique Avatar
Posted By siddique
Thu Aug 28 2014, 01:09 AM
hi,In the Tx code, I have disabled auto acknowledg...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Wed Aug 27 2014, 04:59 PM
Your board has two serial ports, are you connectin...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Wed Aug 27 2014, 04:45 PM
In your TX code I see where you set payload width ...
enisi Avatar
Posted By enisi
Wed Aug 27 2014, 07:05 AM
It can be more than one ansawer correctly
enisi Avatar
Posted By enisi
Wed Aug 27 2014, 06:57 AM
Port 0 is connected indicator 7 segments, so that ...
siddique Avatar
Posted By siddique
Wed Aug 27 2014, 01:48 AM
Pls check the Tx and Rx functions have made some c...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Tue Aug 26 2014, 06:03 PM
I assume you have made the changes I suggested to ...