►Connecting Unipolar Stepper Motor

There are actually many ways you can interface a stepper motor to your controller, out of them the most used interfaces are:
  1. Interface using L293D - H-Bridge Motor Driver
  2. Interface using ULN2003/2004 - Darlington Arrays

We will dicuss both connection techniques one by one. The above mentioned methods need 4 controller pins for interface.

Connecting Unipolar stepper using L293D

Please click on the image to enlarge it

As you see in the circuit above the four pins "Controller pin 1",2,3 and 4 will control the motion and direction of the stepper motor according to the step sequece programmed in the controller.




Connecting Unipolar stepper using ULN2003/2004

Please click on the image to enlarge it

As already discussed in case of L293D, Here in this circuit too the four pins "Controller pin 1",2,3 and 4 will control the motion and direction of the stepper motor according to the step sequece sent by the controller.

►2-wire connection for Unipolar Stepper Motor

We have seen the generally used 4-wire connection method for interfacing unipolar stepper motor, but we can simplify the design to make controller use less pins with the help of 2-wire connection method. The circuit for 2-wire connection is shown below.

[lightbox=unipolar_stepper_big.gif|Unipolar Stepper Motor connection|stepper motor connections]
[/lightbox]
Please click on the image to enlarge it


►Connecting Bipolar Stepper Motor

As we have studied that, Bi-polar stepper motors has 2 different coils. The step sequence for Bipolar stepper motor is same as that of unipolar stepper motors. The driving circuit for this require an H-Bridge as it allows the polarity of the power applied to be controlled independently. This can be done as shown in the figure below:

[lightbox=bipolar_stepper_big.gif|Bipolar Stepper Motor connection|stepper motor connections]
[/lightbox]
Please click on the image to enlarge it

Now we have seen the methods for connecting stepper motors with your microcontroller. So keeping these circuits in mind,we will now look at the programming of microcontroller to control stepper motors. This is discussed in the next section of the tutorial.

◄ Previous Page  |  Next Page ►

DC Motor Tutorial Index
Introduction to Stepper Motors
Stepper Motor Connections
Step Sequence of Stepper Motors
Programming for Stepper Motor

Conversation

ExperimenterUK
Sun Jan 25 2015, 08:10 PM
This box is for chat. Post problems in a suitable forum
ExperimenterUK
Sun Jan 25 2015, 08:04 PM
@gaurav.k Use the purple "Post reply" button. Green buttons often present a fresh edit box.
ExperimenterUK
Sun Jan 25 2015, 07:33 PM
@avianash..we have no entry for avianash.. Are you sure that is your login name ?
Fri Jan 23 2015, 04:29 AM
lolokijuh
DJ Bakal tulungan mo ako s IC Tester
Fri Jan 23 2015, 04:29 AM
lolokijuh
sir help about IC Tester
Thu Jan 22 2015, 01:59 PM
apparao majji
could you please help in programming
Thu Jan 22 2015, 10:13 AM
avianash
hi my account is inactive plz help me
gaurav.k
Thu Jan 22 2015, 07:04 AM
not able top post any reply from my login... after pressing "post Reply "it takes me to a blank page
Thu Jan 22 2015, 04:06 AM
frankie
friend, that modification should be done in the program so that led up and down oscillation is one blink, thanks
Wed Jan 21 2015, 05:06 PM
Gargiarya
to get a clear view of seven segment with 8051 visit http://www.mechaterrain.com/seven-segment-fixed-display-using-8051

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Comments

nawfel
Sat Jan 17 2015, 07:27 AM
Rohi123
Sat Jan 10 2015, 11:00 AM
safakarici
Fri Jan 09 2015, 08:55 PM
Nikita_Pinjare
Thu Jan 08 2015, 03:10 PM
mayank058
Wed Jan 07 2015, 05:43 AM
Overeating
Tue Jan 06 2015, 05:56 AM
trancebreaker11
Sun Jan 04 2015, 07:42 AM
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Thu Jan 01 2015, 05:49 AM

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Forum Activity
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Sun Jan 25 2015, 08:19 PM
According to this page the output is fairly linear...
mayank058 Avatar
Posted By mayank058
Thu Jan 22 2015, 12:16 PM
dear sir, Now i want to generate a si...
mayank058 Avatar
Posted By mayank058
Tue Jan 20 2015, 06:40 AM
dear sir, Now its working properly. Th...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Tue Jan 20 2015, 04:36 AM
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Tue Jan 20 2015, 04:35 AM
I found another issue with your code:calling PWMIn...
mayank058 Avatar
Posted By mayank058
Mon Jan 19 2015, 05:47 AM
dear sir, Please do it for me..
PsySc0rpi0n Avatar
Posted By PsySc0rpi0n
Sun Jan 18 2015, 08:23 PM
But it's a way to debug to consider to the future ...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Sun Jan 18 2015, 06:04 AM
I remember i created small library for lpc23xx ser...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Sun Jan 18 2015, 06:00 AM
It's obviously a personal choice. Digging into map...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Sun Jan 18 2015, 05:58 AM
@karan123 I suggest you to create a new thread for...