Introduction



The most commonly used Character based LCDs are based on Hitachi's HD44780 controller or other which are compatible with HD44580. In this tutorial, we will discuss about character based LCDs, their interfacing with various microcontrollers, various interfaces (8-bit/4-bit), programming, special stuff and tricks you can do with these simple looking LCDs which can give a new look to your application.

For Specs and technical information HD44780 controller Click Here

Pin Description



The most commonly used LCDs found in the market today are 1 Line, 2 Line or 4 Line LCDs which have only 1 controller and support at most of 80 charachers, whereas LCDs supporting more than 80 characters make use of 2 HD44780 controllers.

Most LCDs with 1 controller has 14 Pins and LCDs with 2 controller has 16 Pins (two pins are extra in both for back-light LED connections). Pin description is shown in the table below.


Figure 1: Character LCD type HD44780 Pin diagram


Pin No. Name Description
1VSSPower supply (GND)
2VCCPower supply (+5V)
3VEEContrast adjust
4RS0 = Instruction input
1 = Data input
5R/W0 = Write to LCD module
1 = Read from LCD module
6ENEnable signal
7D0Data bus line 0 (LSB)
8D1Data bus line 1
9D2Data bus line 2
10D3Data bus line 3
11D4Data bus line 4
12D5Data bus line 5
13D6Data bus line 6
14D7Data bus line 7 (MSB)
Table 1: Character LCD pins with 1 Controller
Pin No. Name Description
1D7Data bus line 7 (MSB)
2D6Data bus line 6
3D5Data bus line 5
4D4Data bus line 4
5D3Data bus line 3
6D2Data bus line 2
7D1Data bus line 1
8D0Data bus line 0 (LSB)
9EN1Enable signal for row 0 and 1 (1stcontroller)
10R/W0 = Write to LCD module
1 = Read from LCD module
11RS0 = Instruction input
1 = Data input
12VEEContrast adjust
13VSSPower supply (GND)
14VCCPower supply (+5V)
15EN2Enable signal for row 2 and 3 (2ndcontroller)
16NCNot Connected
Table 2: Character LCD pins with 2 Controller
Usually these days you will find single controller LCD modules are used more in the market. So in the tutorial we will discuss more about the single controller LCD, the operation and everything else is same for the double controller too. Lets take a look at the basic information which is there in every LCD.


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Conversation

Thu May 25 2017, 05:25 AM
Monir Hossain
Can i change the 7-Segment are common pin ? And how to?
Mon May 08 2017, 12:45 PM
ivan muvunyi
please can you send me wiring diagram for automatic control of 3 phase induction motor for production of maize flour
Wed May 03 2017, 08:39 PM
imran qureshi
hello friend
Sun Apr 30 2017, 05:49 AM
Lijin G Varghese
Can u send me the circuit diagram for Program to interface GSM Module with 8051 microcontroller (AT89C51) using PC and LCD
Fri Apr 28 2017, 03:47 PM
SANDEEP T S
I need pcb wizard 3.5 version kindly send valid link of yours
ExperimenterUK
Mon Apr 17 2017, 11:56 PM
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Thu Apr 13 2017, 07:29 PM
Piyush Aughad
I want circuit & program for radar detection using Microcontroller 8051
Tue Apr 11 2017, 03:27 AM
Shabbir Ahmed
Hi Ajay ....hope you and your family all will be fine are you working on andriod aplications if yes then plz reply me
Sun Apr 09 2017, 06:33 PM
ATHULYA NAIR
Dear Sir, I need to know what are the complexity for programming in 8051 Microcontroller for three phase inverter?
Sun Apr 09 2017, 06:32 PM
ATHULYA NAIR
Dear Sir,

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Gaurav9527
Tue May 23 2017, 10:24 AM
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yogesh puri Avatar
Posted By yogesh puri
Thu May 25 2017, 10:33 PM
dear sirif i simulate the above program in keil it...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Wed May 24 2017, 09:42 PM
If you run the display in 4 bit mode and share pin...
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Wed May 24 2017, 09:27 PM
Please post your code and Proteus file.
ExperimenterUK Avatar
Posted By ExperimenterUK
Wed May 24 2017, 09:23 PM
i am unable to simulate following code in protous...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Wed May 24 2017, 05:01 AM
Duplicate post of http://www.8051projects.net/t651...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Wed May 24 2017, 05:00 AM
All I can say looking at the post is "insufficient...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Wed May 24 2017, 04:58 AM
(the 3 motorsteppers need to move independently, b...
ajay_bhargav Avatar
Posted By ajay_bhargav
Wed May 24 2017, 04:55 AM
I am never sure with Proteus keypad. They always h...
yogesh puri Avatar
Posted By yogesh puri
Tue May 23 2017, 10:36 PM
i am unable to simulate following code in protous....
yogesh puri Avatar
Posted By yogesh puri
Tue May 23 2017, 10:34 PM
i am unable to simulate following code in protous...