Introduction



The most commonly used Character based LCDs are based on Hitachi's HD44780 controller or other which are compatible with HD44580. In this tutorial, we will discuss about character based LCDs, their interfacing with various microcontrollers, various interfaces (8-bit/4-bit), programming, special stuff and tricks you can do with these simple looking LCDs which can give a new look to your application.

For Specs and technical information HD44780 controller Click Here

Pin Description



The most commonly used LCDs found in the market today are 1 Line, 2 Line or 4 Line LCDs which have only 1 controller and support at most of 80 charachers, whereas LCDs supporting more than 80 characters make use of 2 HD44780 controllers.

Most LCDs with 1 controller has 14 Pins and LCDs with 2 controller has 16 Pins (two pins are extra in both for back-light LED connections). Pin description is shown in the table below.


Figure 1: Character LCD type HD44780 Pin diagram


Pin No. Name Description
1VSSPower supply (GND)
2VCCPower supply (+5V)
3VEEContrast adjust
4RS0 = Instruction input
1 = Data input
5R/W0 = Write to LCD module
1 = Read from LCD module
6ENEnable signal
7D0Data bus line 0 (LSB)
8D1Data bus line 1
9D2Data bus line 2
10D3Data bus line 3
11D4Data bus line 4
12D5Data bus line 5
13D6Data bus line 6
14D7Data bus line 7 (MSB)
Table 1: Character LCD pins with 1 Controller
Pin No. Name Description
1D7Data bus line 7 (MSB)
2D6Data bus line 6
3D5Data bus line 5
4D4Data bus line 4
5D3Data bus line 3
6D2Data bus line 2
7D1Data bus line 1
8D0Data bus line 0 (LSB)
9EN1Enable signal for row 0 and 1 (1stcontroller)
10R/W0 = Write to LCD module
1 = Read from LCD module
11RS0 = Instruction input
1 = Data input
12VEEContrast adjust
13VSSPower supply (GND)
14VCCPower supply (+5V)
15EN2Enable signal for row 2 and 3 (2ndcontroller)
16NCNot Connected
Table 2: Character LCD pins with 2 Controller
Usually these days you will find single controller LCD modules are used more in the market. So in the tutorial we will discuss more about the single controller LCD, the operation and everything else is same for the double controller too. Lets take a look at the basic information which is there in every LCD.


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Mon Jan 20 2020, 05:54 AM
Braymi
https://www.softtraf.ru
Tue Jan 14 2020, 07:08 AM
shubham kharade
when i am trying to simulate the program in Proteus 8 professional, I am getting some errors as cannot find module file dhtxx.md can u help me
Tue Dec 17 2019, 01:44 PM
Devangi
hello..i am programming industrial timer using 8051 with 24lc64 eeprom. i have query in storing the 3 diff value in eeprom with enter button. can anyone share c code ?
Tue Dec 17 2019, 10:30 AM
Andrius
Hello. Can anyone share the code in Bascon and scheme in Proteus?
Thu Nov 21 2019, 12:30 PM
raj2555
how to interface 8051 microcontroller with NRF24L01+ module
ExperimenterUK
Sat Oct 12 2019, 10:23 PM
Log in.. then post your code in the 8051 forum
Sat Oct 12 2019, 10:18 AM
Bhadra Sajikumar
i am doing a countdown timer with 8051 for my project, unfortunately our professor had to take a leave of absence before he could teach us most of it.. can someone explain the .asm code of it for me?
Mon Sep 23 2019, 07:37 AM
Nathaniel
I am doing a project for my schools wireless security system with cameras,sensors and spot lights using 8051 micro controller, could you help me out with the design and its source code.
Wed Sep 18 2019, 08:48 PM
Caryn Kover
Thank you for your time,
ExperimenterUK
Mon Aug 05 2019, 07:09 PM
@Ismail ..post in forum, give details

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Nippy56
Sun Jan 19 2020, 02:13 AM
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Sat Jan 11 2020, 10:42 AM
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Posted By ExperimenterUK
Fri Jan 17 2020, 10:24 PM
We will need the circuit diagram.A Proteus simulat...
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Posted By Billz
Sat Jan 11 2020, 05:43 PM
hi everyone please attached files are my c code fo...
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Not a stupid question.Setting up "Eclipse" can be...
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So i have just began learning programming micros a...
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I think it would be better if you guys try to come...
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Can you post a circuit diagram and any code you ha...
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Sun Jan 05 2020, 08:17 PM
Need help regarding C code (specifically for PIC 1...
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Posted By ExperimenterUK
Mon Dec 30 2019, 06:42 PM
Can you give more details of your problem.
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How to copy program my old microcontroller to new ...
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Thu Dec 12 2019, 02:26 PM
wil do.thank you for your advice!