Introduction



The most commonly used Character based LCDs are based on Hitachi's HD44780 controller or other which are compatible with HD44580. In this tutorial, we will discuss about character based LCDs, their interfacing with various microcontrollers, various interfaces (8-bit/4-bit), programming, special stuff and tricks you can do with these simple looking LCDs which can give a new look to your application.

For Specs and technical information HD44780 controller Click Here

Pin Description



The most commonly used LCDs found in the market today are 1 Line, 2 Line or 4 Line LCDs which have only 1 controller and support at most of 80 charachers, whereas LCDs supporting more than 80 characters make use of 2 HD44780 controllers.

Most LCDs with 1 controller has 14 Pins and LCDs with 2 controller has 16 Pins (two pins are extra in both for back-light LED connections). Pin description is shown in the table below.


Figure 1: Character LCD type HD44780 Pin diagram


Pin No. Name Description
1VSSPower supply (GND)
2VCCPower supply (+5V)
3VEEContrast adjust
4RS0 = Instruction input
1 = Data input
5R/W0 = Write to LCD module
1 = Read from LCD module
6ENEnable signal
7D0Data bus line 0 (LSB)
8D1Data bus line 1
9D2Data bus line 2
10D3Data bus line 3
11D4Data bus line 4
12D5Data bus line 5
13D6Data bus line 6
14D7Data bus line 7 (MSB)
Table 1: Character LCD pins with 1 Controller
Pin No. Name Description
1D7Data bus line 7 (MSB)
2D6Data bus line 6
3D5Data bus line 5
4D4Data bus line 4
5D3Data bus line 3
6D2Data bus line 2
7D1Data bus line 1
8D0Data bus line 0 (LSB)
9EN1Enable signal for row 0 and 1 (1stcontroller)
10R/W0 = Write to LCD module
1 = Read from LCD module
11RS0 = Instruction input
1 = Data input
12VEEContrast adjust
13VSSPower supply (GND)
14VCCPower supply (+5V)
15EN2Enable signal for row 2 and 3 (2ndcontroller)
16NCNot Connected
Table 2: Character LCD pins with 2 Controller
Usually these days you will find single controller LCD modules are used more in the market. So in the tutorial we will discuss more about the single controller LCD, the operation and everything else is same for the double controller too. Lets take a look at the basic information which is there in every LCD.


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Conversation

scena
Tue May 19 2020, 06:29 PM
Does anyone have microcontroller programming software for STC15F104W (core 8051, 4 k, 128 byte, 6 I/O pin, UART ... DIL8), that works?
Sat May 02 2020, 03:38 PM
Tamu Gurung
Hi I am looking for a assembly language program for a digital decimal counter. Time counts max limit of 2 mins starting from 2.00 mins and ending at 0.00. time is to be displayed on 4 7-segment LED displays. Edsim51 simulator to be used. Thanks
Wed Mar 25 2020, 09:39 AM
Tajammul
Sir kindly send the code file i2c for 8051
ExperimenterUK
Fri Mar 13 2020, 06:36 PM
@ Rohitnani,ABEBE..which project ?
Fri Mar 13 2020, 08:55 AM
ABEBE
how can get hadwere of this project
Rohitnani
Sat Mar 07 2020, 12:11 PM
Sir, Could you please send me the zip file input password....
Wed Feb 26 2020, 11:58 AM
Peter Parker
Is it possible to send multiple messages using only 1 GSM module?
Sat Feb 01 2020, 05:12 AM
Pearl Olin
Hello,
Wed Jan 22 2020, 01:16 PM
MINU CHAUDHARY
I m getting errors while simulation process during interfacing socket output and lcd... Can i get the report of ur project which is same as us.
Tue Jan 14 2020, 02:08 AM
shubham kharade
when i am trying to simulate the program in Proteus 8 professional, I am getting some errors as cannot find module file dhtxx.md can u help me

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Davidthils
Thu May 21 2020, 08:44 AM
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Wed May 20 2020, 09:28 PM
motorCar
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Wed May 20 2020, 07:52 AM
JadenjiT
Wed May 20 2020, 03:15 AM
scena
Tue May 19 2020, 06:08 PM
CodySiz
Tue May 19 2020, 02:22 PM
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Mon May 18 2020, 09:50 PM

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